Facts & Figures
- Population 55.5 million.
- Total Area 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
- Major languages English, Swahili.
- Major religions Christianity, Islam.
- Life expectancy 63 years (men), 67 years (women)
- Currency Tanzanian shilling.
- Time zone: EAT (UTC+3)
- Drives on the: left
- Calling code: +255
Tanzania- Home of Mountain Kilimanjaro
Tanzania is a country full of memorable features thanks to its vast wilderness areas. These amazing features include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s highest mountain. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar, with Arabic influences, and Mafia, with a marine park home to whale sharks and coral reefs.
The different landscapes include Africa’s highest mountain – Mountain Kilimanjaro ice-capped Equatorial Mountain which also boasts of being the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895 metres above sea level. More is in forests, endless savannah plains, deep craters and gorges, Miombo woodlands, arid flatlands and white sandy beaches.
With places like the world-famous Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Crater or the Selous Game Reserve, visitors are spoilt for choice. The annual migration of wildebeests, zebras and gazelles is a once in a lifetime experience. Tanzania also boasts of over 1000 bird species nestled in different locations around the country.
The wildlife of Tanzania, both in terms of quantity and diversity of species, is probably the most abundant on the continent. Each region in Tanzania offers a different experience. To the north – the famous Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Conservation Area – boasting the Wildebeest Migration.
Selous, Ruaha and Mikumi – tucked away in the South, these parks have fascinating eco-systems – forests, large rivers, and a mix of terrain with open plains and beautiful views.
Katavi – one of the wildest parks in Africa, to the south west, and Gombe and Mahale – located on Lake Tanganyika (the second deepest lake in the world where you can enjoy forest walks and chimpanzees trekking in their natural habitat.
Tanzania borders the Indian Ocean and its accompanying beautiful beaches. To the east of the country lies the Zanzibar Archipelago, a group of islands and islets, that are dominated by the famous spice islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. Mafia Island is further south from Zanzibar and is said to be a hidden gem in the Indian Ocean. Watersport enthusiast can go kite surfing, diving, deep sea fishing, kayaking or snorkeling.
A must see on the coast are the ancient ruins along the coast, which hold a rich trading history with Arabia and India, as well as excellent scuba diving and deep sea fishing.